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Natural areas of Peru: the coast (costa)
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The Peruvian coast (costa)

Punta Camarón beach (Zorritos)The Peruvian coast is a narrow strip of land 2250 km length which occupies 11% of the surface of the country while lodging 44% of its population! It is the economic heart of the country, it is indeed of this area that come half of exports from Peru.

The coastal area is desert but when the grounds are irrigated, they can be very fertile. In the irrigated valleys of north pushes cotton, the cane with sugar and rice. In the south, one finds grape, olives and fruits. Obviously, one also finds industries of fishing throughout the coast. These industries exploit the anchovy and sardine resources which find favorable conditions to their development along the Peruvian coast. The pleasing presence of fish of significant condensations of birds which produce guano, another significant economic resource of the country.

Fisherman in HuanchacoThe climate of the coast is desertic, there are indeed less precipitations than in the Sahara on a good part of the coast. The climate is influenced by the cold stream of Humboldt which goes up of the Antarctic. The cold air condenses to form a fog, the garúa, which extends from the south to approximately 200 km in the north of Lima.

The summer extends from December to April, with temperatures of 25 with 35°C and no precipitation at all. During the winter, from May to November, the temperatures fall a little bit and the weather is mistier.


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